• Syed Mosyab Mehdi Shah Faculty of Agricultural sciences, Department of Horticultural sciences university of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Farwa Asif Faculty of Agricultural sciences, Department of Horticultural sciences University of the Punjab, Lahore
  • Hania Fatima Faculty of Agricultural sciences, department of plant pathology, university of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan



Pinching Treatments, Growth, Yield, Okra


Abelmoschus esculentus L. (Moench), sometimes known as okra, is a very significant crop that is grown all over the world in tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate climates. (2022; Chauhan et al. Their leaves are long-petiolated, 10–20 cm long, and have five to seven lobes. Flowers are axillary and range in size from 4 to 8 cm in diameter. They produce elongated fruits with a diameter of 1.5 to 3 cm and a length of 10 to 25 cm. (Ali 2022). Okra growth and yield are significantly influenced by pinching technique. (Sahu and Biswal 2020). Early herbage cutting encourages uniform growth, flowering, and seed germination.  The "Effect of pinching on plant growth, yield, and quality of different varieties of okra" is the topic of this study. The practice of pinching, which involves the removal of terminal shoot tips, has been explored as a cultural technique to enhance plant growth, yield, and produce quality in different varieties of okra. This review article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the effects of pinching on plant growth parameters, yield components, and the nutritional and sensory quality of various okra varieties. The review encompasses an in-depth analysis of the underlying physiological and morphological changes induced by pinching across different okra varieties. A synthesis of recent studies highlights the potential benefits and limitations of pinching in okra cultivation, considering the variability in results across different varieties and growing conditions. This review article systematically examines the effects of pinching on diverse varieties of okra with a focus on their growth patterns, yield attributes, and final harvest quality.


Ali, Abid. 2022. “Pinching Effects on Growth and Yield of Okra.” Pure and Applied Biology 11 (1): 135–45.

Angadi, Fakirappa C. 1961. “TRACE : Tennessee Research and Creative Exchange Variety and Topping Effects of Yield and Quality of Okra.”

Brandenberger, Lynn, and John Damicone. 2018. “Okra Production,” no. December.

Budania, Yogendra Kumar, M L Khichar, and Harender Singh Dhaiya. 2018. “Agrometeorological Aspects of Okra ( Abelmoschus Esculebtus ) in Arid Subtropical Regions of Haryana” 20 (4): 363–70.

Chittora, Akshay, Neeraj Singh, and Dhirendra Kumar Singh. 2016. “Production Technology of Okra.” Marumegh 2 (1): 44–47.

Dilani, Meeruppage, Manjula Gunawardhana, and Christina Shanthi De Silva. 2012. “Impact of Temperature and Water Stress on Growth Yield and Related Biochemical Parameters of Okra Impact of Temperature and Water Stress on Growth Yield and Related,” no. September.

Ehsanullah, Md, Ahasan Ullah Khan, Md Kamruzzam, and Sarah Tasnim. 2022. “Effect of Plant Growth Regulators on Growth and Quality Flower Production of Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum Indicum L.).” Journal of Multidisciplinary Applied Natural Science 2 (1): 10–18.

Eve, Beura, Mtaita Tuarira, Mutetwa Moses, and Masaka Thomas. 2016. “The Influence of Pinching on the Growth, Flowering Pattern and Yield of Butternuts (Cucurbita Moschata).” Mail.Premierpublishers.Org 2 (1): 19–25.

Kattel, Dipak, Kedar Gajurel, and Subash Thapa. 2023. “Investigating the Effect of Pinching on Plant Growth , Yield and Quality of Different Varieties of Okra ( Abelmoschus Esculentus , L .)” 5 (1): 24–33.

Kumar, Sanjeet, Sokona Dagnoko, Adamou Haougui, Alain Ratnadass, Dov Pasternak, and Christophe Kouame. 2010. “Okra (Abelmoschus Spp.) in West and Central Africa: Potential and Progress on Its Improvement.” African Journal of Agricultural Research 5 (25): 3590–98.

Maurya, Rajendra Prasad. 2013. “Impact of Plant Spacing and Picking Interval on the Growth, Fruit Quality and Yield of Okra (Abelmoschus Esculentus (L.) Moench).” American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 1 (4): 48.

Mishra Babasaheb Bhimrao, Sunita, Vihar Lucknow, Poorva Dubey, and Sunita Mishra. 2017. “A Review on: Diabetes and Okra (Abelmoschus Esculentus).” Article in Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies 5 (3): 23–26.

Sahu, Priyanka, and Monalisha Biswal. 2020. “Effect of Pinching Treatments on Growth Flowering and Yield of Okra Cv . Pusa Effect of Pinching Treatments on Growth Flowering and Yield of Okra Cv . Pusa,” no. September.

Wright, Carly. 2022. “Economic Analysis of Sunflower ( Helianthus Annuus ) Spacing in East Texas Economic Analysis of Sunflower ( Helianthus Annuus ) Spacing in East Texas.”